DISCUSSION ON SUBSISTENCE
ANILCA defines subsistence as the 'customary and traditional uses' of fish and wildlife
Dictionary.com definition Subsistence Farming:
Farming whose products are intended to provide for the basic needs of the farmer, with little surplus for marketing.
Farming that brings little or no profit to the farmer, allowing only for amarginal livelihood.
Department of Fish and Game Webpage:
What is Subsistence use?
The harvest and processing of wild resources for food, raw materials, and other traditional uses have been a central part of the customs and traditions of many cultural groups in Alaska, including Aleut, Athabascan, Alutiiq, Euro-American, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Yupik for centuries. The Alaska legislature passed the state’s first subsistence statute in 1978 and established subsistence as the priority use of Alaska’s fish and wildlife. The law defined subsistence as “customary and traditional uses” of fish and wildlife and highlighted the unique importance of wild resources, and the continuing role of subsistence activities in sustaining the long-established ways of life in Alaska.